Secure sustainable seafood from developing countries article analysis
SUMMARY: This scholarly article analyzes the benefits, consequences and potential of Fishery Improvement projects (FIP’s) in Developing country’s. As the article states in its intro the demand for sustainable caught seafood is rising rapidly; even stores like Walmart, in the US , and Carrefour in France are only excepting sustainable sourced fish. This is putting immense pressure on Developing country fisheries (DCF’s) which are only given access to the trade markets f they comply with he suitability requirement of third parties like the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Of course, many DCF’s are not compliant with initial assessments and join FIP’s in order, where they partner with private companies or NGO’s to work up to the MSC level of sustainability.are put under the microscope. Unfortunately, FIP’s are not doing a very effective job at promoting sustainability because they grant DCF’s access to the market to early which decreases motivation to improve standards.
QUESTION 1: Who are “They”? This article pulls form a myriad of sources but some of the most mentioned “they’s” are the Marine Stewardship Council, Developing country fisheries, Non-governmental Organizations, private sector, The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation’s Fishery, and governments world wide. This quote, “The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation’s Fishery Improvement Partnership Fund estimates that “more than 400 FIPs are needed to meet buyer demand for sustainable seafood worldwide”, is an example of how what they say. It shows how the author addresses what they say and strengthens the argument that the writer is trying to make. In the conclusion there are many “I say ” statements where the opinion and argument of the author’s is more prevalent. For example the quote, “Advocates of fishery management reform and ocean conservation should view FIPs as an opportunity to capitalize on ongoing stakeholder engagement to enact durable reforms, but in ways that take into account characteristics of the social-ecological system”, clearly presents the authors “I say”. This is also an example of how the authors have contributed to the conversation. As concerned environmentalist, they are motivated to make sustainable fishing in Developing countries truly “sustainable”. And they do this by looking at data, and calculations conducted to support their belief that must FIP’s must become more efficient and monitored more carefully by governments and other organization involved in the FIP system.
QUESTION 2: The main research question in this piece is, Are FIP’s promoting sustainable fishing in developing countries? This research question is first seen in the opening paragraph last sentence, “Rapid spread of FIPs, which often operate without transparent and independent assessment, raises questions about their effectiveness as a tool to foster environmental, economic, and social improvement.”
QUESTION 3: This piece doesn’t use extreemly technical jargon or advanced discipline specific vocabulary due to the fact that it wants to address a large audience group. This scholarly article is fairly easy to understand because, it is referencing sources from many disciplines and can not only focus on math for example. It talks about objective data and also social/economic/environmental implications which makes it more likely for the audience to connect and comprehend the piece. There is a fair amount of statistics, “According to the FishSource data library (see supplementary materials), there are >130 fisheries in FIPs worldwide, with DCFs accounting for nearly half”. However, there are also many digestible sentences that provide background information like, “Progress toward sustainability means overcoming difficulties DCFs face in complying with MSC-like standards”.
QUESTION 4: The piece is organized more like a social science paper where evidence is directly followed by and interpretation which is then used to defend a claim. As opposed to a Science scholarly article where evidence or experimental data is in a separate paragraph or section from the interpretation.
QUESTION 5: When making claims (I say), the authors uses verbs like,overcoming, foster, encourage, capitalize and adherence most often and uses verbs like, engages, presents, and estimates, when discussing other’s research.
Mangrove Restoration: A Potential Tool for Coastal Management in Tropical Developing Countries article analysis
SUMMARY: This scholarly article I would consider a more “scholarly article” compared to the other piece above which is styled more like a magazine article. It is also structured more like a classic scholarly article. On the other hand it too is different from many other displaces scholarly articles technical jargon because it attempts to engage the reader by making them care about mangroves by proving why they are important. In this article the authors highlight why mangroves are so crucial for ecosystems. It also presents studies on past restoration in attempts to come to a conclusion on the best way to preserve mangroves and the habitats they provide.
QUESTION 1: Who are “They”? the author’s are in conversation with, coastal management in tropical developing counties, organization concerned with biodiversity preservation, current and past organizations working at restoration and also partially the developers, companies, and industries endangering the mangroves . “they say” statements include, “Lewis (19) defines restoration as the retum from a disturbed or totally altered condition to a previously existing natural, or altered condition by some human action” . “I say” statements are formed more like this,”The main research priorities for mangrove restoration as a tool for ecosystem management will need to focus on the extent and mechanisms through which mangroves contribute to fisheries productivity, and projects which approach the restoration of mangroves from an ecosystem perspective.”
QUESTION 2: The main research question in this piece is, How can we most effectively restore mangroves with the secondary question being, what is successful restoration. These research questions are first seen in the article extract.
QUESTION 3: This piece uses fairly technical jargon when analyzing scientific results from mangrove growth studies for example. However it, like the other scholarly article doesn’t have much discipline specific vocabulary because it is pulling form multiple disciplines.
QUESTION 4: The piece is organized similarly to the above article where evidence is directly followed by and interpretation which is then used to defend a claim.
QUESTION 5: When making claims (I say), the authors uses verbs like, examine, assessing, and alleviate most often and uses verbs like, shows, describing and consider, when discussing other’s research.